litceysel.ru
добавить свой файл
1
Раздел 1. Аудирование





B1


Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1 – 6 и темой их высказывания, данными в списке A – G. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую тему высказывания, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее название темы. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.


The speaker tells about

A. a tiring but exciting holiday

B. wildlife

C. places to eat out

D. the worst hotel you can imagine

E. the journey one wouldn’t like to have again

F. very expensive seaside resort

G. winter holidays

Говорящий

1

2

3

4

5

6

Тема высказывания



















Вы услышите отрывок из радиопередачи. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1 – А7 соответствуют содержанию передачи (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чем в ней не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.


Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.


Al. “Our neighbours” is the area of Australia that is hundreds kilometres away from the nearest neighbours.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated


A2. Not everybody in the outback has a telephone to keep in touch with the world.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated


A3. In an emergency, doctors get to the patient by air.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated


A4. It takes the doctors more than ninety minutes to get to any place in

the outback.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated


A5. There are 30 flying doctor bases in Australia.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated


A6. Children living in the outback fall ill very often.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated


A7. Some children in the outback can live and study in schools.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated


Вы услышите диалог двух подруг, одна из которых провела отпуск вместе с мужем во Франции. В заданиях А8 – А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.


A8. Paula’s friend …

1) has been ill

2) doesn’t look very well

3) is pleased to see Paula


A9. Before the trip, Paula …

1) was enthusiastic about it

2) wanted to go to the Lake District

3) didn’t tell anybody she was going


A10. Before Mark and Paula went to Paris, …

1) Mark’s boss didn’t want him to go

2) Paula arranged for somebody to look after the hamster

3) Paula’s sister promised to look after the children



A11. The journey across the Channel…

1) was very smooth

2) was awful

3) lasted eight hours


A12. The only thing Paula liked about Paris was…

1) the galleries

2) the accommodation

3) the shops


A13. The return trip from Paris was …

1) disturbed by a flood

2) an enjoyable experience

3) earlier than planned


A14. When they came home …

1) they had a row

2) the kitchen was in a mess

3) the horrid creature had eaten the food in the fridge


По окончании выполнения заданий В1 и А1 – А14 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В1, А1 – А14 располагаются в разных частях бланка. В1 расположено в нижней части бланка.
При переносе ответов в задании
В1 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.


Раздел 2. Чтение


B2


Установите соответствие между заголовками A – Н и текстами 1 – 7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.




A.

An unexpected queen

E.

Widowhood

B.


Childhood

F.

Grandmother of Europe

C.

Victoria’s duty as queen

G.

People’s recognition

D.

Married life

H.

Victorian age




  1. During the years after Albert’s death, the queen remained concerned with her ever-growing family. All nine of her children married, and eight of them had children of their own. Some of Victoria’s children and grandchildren eventually married the heirs to thrones of Spain, Russia, Sweden, Norway, and Romania.

  2. Immediately after becoming queen, Victoria began regular meetings with William Lamb, the British prime minister of the time, who taught her how the British government worked on a day-to-day basis. In the course of her reign, Queen Victoria played the role of appointing some cabinet ministers (and even a prime minister), as well as particular ambassadors and bishops of the Church of England, and she consulted regularly with her prime ministers by letter and in person.

  3. Sometimes in history, a child or a teenager has actually become a king or queen. One such case happened in 1837, when King William IV of Great Britain died and the crown passed to his 18-year-old niece, Alexandrina Victoria. Suddenly, the teenager became Queen Victoria, ruler of the British Empire.
  4. Queen Victoria never truly recovered from Albert’s death in December 1861 at the age of 42. For almost a decade she remained in strict mourning. She rarely appeared in London, and she avoided most public occasions, including the opening of Parliament. In the course of the later 1870s and the 1880s, she gradually returned to the public arena, and her popularity rose once more.


  5. The length of Queen Victoria’s reign gave an impression of continuity to what was actually a period of dynamic change as Britain grew to become a powerful industrialized trading nation. During her reign, the popularity of the British monarchy underwent both ups and downs but ultimately increased. Victoria was important because she brought morality, good manners, and a devotion to hard work as constitutional monarch. Her honesty, patriotism, and devotion to family life made the queen an appropriate symbol of the Victorian era.

  6. In 1839, Victoria fell in love with her first cousin, Prince Albert, of the small German principality Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. They were married in February 1840. The royal couple offered an example of family life that contrasted sharply with the images of previous British monarchs. Between 1840 and 1857, Victoria and Albert had nine children. They took an intense personal interest in the upbringing of their children, and they did not leave them solely in the care of nannies and governesses.

  7. By 1880s, Victoria had become the popular symbol of dutiful public service. She appeared in public more often. In 1887, her Golden Jubilee, the 50th anniversary of her accession to the throne, was celebrated with great enthusiasm. The Diamond Jubilee of 1897 brought representatives of all the different parts of the British Empire to London; it was then that Victoria’s popularity reached its peak. Four years later, after a reign of 63 years, she died on January 22, 1901.




1

2

3

4

5

6

7























B3


Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1 – 6 частями предложений A – G. Одна из частей в списке А – G лишняя. Перенесите ответы в таблицу.


I’ve been learning English since I was 7. The first few years were really disastrous to me! We – my brother and I – had to learn words and grammar rules, 1____. We completely didn’t feel the need to learn English. Everything has changed since I went to the USA for the first time in 1989. I was under great impression of picturesque Great Canyon, Sonora Desert and by all means, as a little girl I was fascinated by Disneyland! As far as my education is concerned, I think that the most important thing to mention is that from the earliest childhood I’ve been taught by qualified teachers, 2____ . I think that this is of prime importance especially for young learners, as they tend to learn wrong things very easily and later it takes an uphill struggle to eliminate these errors. My teacher focused on all aspects of the language: 3____ . When I was younger they used to show me what the best ways of practicing the language are.

Nowadays, I know what to do to learn it most effectively. I watch many films in original version and American programmes on TV, I read English books. To practice new words I write essays 4____ . Such exercises help me a lot during oral exams 5____ . I could work on vocabulary many hours, especially on idioms and metaphors, they are my favourite. By all means, I use many exercise books which help me to practice my grammar. Yet I’m of the opinion that the most natural way to practice grammar is to talk, write essays etc. Of course, you have to know the grammar rules first. All in all, I must admit that I like oral English the most. Maybe it’s 6____ .


  1. who translated a lot

  2. grammar, vocabulary, oral and written English

  3. because I’m quite a talkative person

  4. either at home or in high school

  5. when I have to answer questions or deliver a speech

  6. which didn’t seem to have much sense for us at that time

  7. which include new interesting vocabulary




1

2

3

4

5

6






















Прочитайте рассказ и выполните задания А15 – А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Занесите ответы в таблицу

During my long acquaintance with Mr. Sherlock Holmes I had never heard him refer to his relations, and hardly ever to his own early life. I had come to believe that he was an orphan with no relatives living; but one day, to my very great surprise, he began to talk to me about his brother.

It was after tea on a summer evening, and the conversation came round at last to the question of hereditary capabilities. The point under discussion was how far any singular gift in an individual was due to his ancestry and how far to his own early training.


“In your case,” said I, “from all that you have told me, it seems obvious that your talents of observation and deduction are due to your own systematic training.”

“To some extent,” he answered thoughtfully. “My ancestors were country squires. But, none the less, my talents may have come with my grandmother, who was the sister of Vernet, the French artist.”

“But how do you know that it is hereditary?”

“Because my brother Mycroft possesses it in a larger degree than I do.”

This was news to me indeed. If there were another man with such singular powers in England, how was it that neither police nor public had heard of him? I put the question, if that was my companion’s modesty which made him acknowledge his brother as his superior. Holmes laughed at my suggestion.

“My dear Watson,” said he, “I cannot agree with those who rank modesty among the virtues. When I say that Mycroft has better powers of observation than I, you may take it that I am speaking the exact and literal truth.”

“Is he your junior?”

“Seven years my senior.”

“How comes it that he is unknown?”

“Oh, he is very well known in his own circle.”

“Where then?”

“Well, in the Diogenes Club, for example.”

I had never heard of the institution, and my face must have shown it, for Sherlock Holmes pulled out his watch.

“The Diogenes Club is the queerest club in London, and Mycroft is one of the queerest men. He’s always there from quarter to five to twenty to eight. It is six now, so if you care for a stroll this beautiful evening I shall be very happy to introduce you to two curiosities.”

Five minutes later we were in the street, walking towards Regent’s Circus.

“You wonder,” said my companion, “why it is that Mycroft does not use his power for detective work. He is incapable of it.”

“But I thought you said…”


“I said that he was my superior in observation and deduction. But he has no ambition and no energy. He will not even go out of his way to verify his own solutions, and would rather be considered wrong than take the trouble to prove himself right. Again and again I have taken a problem to him, and have received an explanation which has afterwards proved to be the correct one. And yet he was absolutely incapable of working out the practical points which must be useful for a judge or jury.”

“It is not his profession, then?”

“By no means. He has an extraordinary memory for figures, and audits the books in some of the government departments. Mycroft has a flat in Pall Mall, and he walks round the corner into Whitehall every morning and back every evening. From year to year he has no other exercise, and is seen nowhere else, except only in the Diogenes Club, which is just opposite his rooms.”

“I cannot recall the name.”

“Very likely not. There are many men in London who have no wish for the company of other fellows. Yet they need comfortable chairs and the latest periodicals. It is for the convenience of these that the Diogenes Club was started, and it now contains the most unsociable men in town. No member is permitted to take notice of any other one. No talking is, under any circumstances, allowed, and three offences result in the talker’s expulsion. My brother was one of the founders, and I have myself found it a very quiet atmosphere.”


A15

Dr. Watson came to conclusion that Mr. Holmes was an orphan because




  1. he didn’t know his relatives.

  2. Mr. Holmes did not mention anybody.
  3. Mr. Holmes lived by himself.


  4. Mr. Holmes was unsociable man.




A16

According to the text




  1. Holmes considered that he had hereditary talents.

  2. Watson considered that Mr. Holmes had hereditary talents.

  3. Holmes was sure that he had acquired his talents because of training.

  4. Holmes thought he had acquired his talents both because of training and thanks to his ancestors.




A17

The text says that Holmes




  1. had a twin brother.

  2. was younger than his brother.

  3. was an elder brother.

  4. was seven years older than his brother.




A18

Holmes said that his brother




  1. surpassed him in observation and deduction.

  2. was good at observation and deduction.

  3. was behind him observation and deduction.

  4. had the same talents as he did.




A19

Holmes characterized his brother as




  1. ambitious.

  2. incapable.

  3. inactive.

  4. extraordinary.




A20

Mycroft Holmes could be seen everywhere except





  1. the Diogenes Club.

  2. Piccadilly Circus.

  3. Pall Mall.

  4. Whitehall.




A21

Which of the statements is not true?




  1. The members of the Diogenes Club must not see each other.

  2. A member of Diogenes Club is expelled if he talks to other members.

  3. If a member of Diogenes Club speaks to three people he is expelled.

  4. Members of Diogenes Club should not pay attention to each other.




A15

A16

A17

A18

A19

A20

A21
























По окончании выполнения заданий В2, В3 и А15 – А21 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В2 – В3, А15 – А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка.


Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски в предложениях под номерами B4 – B10, соответствующими формами слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами справа от каждого предложения.






B4


B5


B6

B7

B8


B9


B10

Indian film is a significant cultural export to Central Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. India produces much ______ films than any other country. The audience, despite the spread of televisions and videocassette recorders, ________ still numerous. In India, cinema is not an entertainment. It’s a passion. Every day, millions of moviegoers flock to the cinema halls to take part in a moving feast of spectacle, song, and dance. Since film production began in India in the early 1900s, India___________ over 27,000 films in 52 languages. Today, India is the ____________ film-producing country in the world, making around 800 films annually. Popular films are often embellished with songs and dance routines. Film themes vary from historical and religious to social: rich boy meets poor girl; twins___________ at birth become policeman and criminal; boy sacrifices his love for a girl to patriotic duty or to the desires of parents, who wish __________ to marry another. Popular cinema rarely has realistic settings or plots, and many Western films________ .


MANY


BE


MAKE


BIG


SEPARATE


HE


IMITATE


Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В11 – B16, так чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11 – В16.





B11

B12

B13


B14


B15


B16

It is believed that Halloween was brought to America by the ________ from Ireland and Scotland. In the 19th century they celebrated Halloween __________ to their old tradi­tions. The _______ part of the festival was a lantern made of a pumpkin with holes in the form of eyes, a nose and a mouth, and people believed that during the _________ all pumpkins left their vegetable gardens to dance in the streets. In recent years, grown-up people have begun to participate in Hal­loween. In New York, for example, the ______ and the old take part in parades together. On the 31st of October, long before the time when the carnival ________begins to move, a great number of people get together in one of the streets. They are dressed as witches, demons, and other evil spirits. There are hundreds of large orange pumpkins in their hands. This is how the Americans celebrate Halloween.


IMMIGRATION

ACCORDANCE

INTEGRITY


CELEBRATE


YOUTH


PROCEED





Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22 – А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям A22 – A28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.


Global Warming

Our planet has warmed and cooled A22 ………. times during the 4.65 billion years of its history. At present Earth appears to be facing a rapid warming, which most scientists believe results, at least in part, from human activities. The chief A23 ………. of this warming is thought to be the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, which releases into the atmosphere carbon dioxide and other substances known as greenhouse gases. As the atmosphere becomes richer in these gases, it becomes a better insulator, retaining more of the heat provided to the planet by the Sun.


The average surface temperature of Earth is about 15°C. Over the last century, this average has A24 ………. by about 0.6 Celsius degree. Scientists predict further warming of 1.4 to 5.8 Celsius degrees by the year 2100. This temperature rise is expected to A25 ………. polar ice caps and glaciers as well as warm the oceans, all of which will expand ocean volume and A26 ………. sea level by an estimated 9 to 100 cm, flooding some coastal regions and even entire islands. Some regions in warmer climates will receive more rainfall than before, but soils will dry out faster between storms. This soil drying may A27 ………. food crops, disrupting food supplies in some parts of the world. Plant and animal species will shift their ranges toward the poles or to higher elevations seeking cooler temperatures, and species that cannot do so may become A28 ……….. .


A22 1) much 2) a lot 3) many 4) little

A23 1) reason 2) cause 3) question 4) matter

A24 1) risen 2) raised 3) lifted. 4) dropped

A25 1) grind 2) damage 3) crisp 4) melt

A26 1) risen 2) raise 3) arise 4) go up

A27 1) injure 2) increase 3) erase 4) damage

A28 1) die 2) extinguished 3) extinct 4) exile


По окончании выполнения заданий В4  В16, А22  А28 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В4  В16, А22  А28 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В4  В16 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.


Раздел 4 Письмо

C1


You have 20 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Steve who writes:



Next Summer I am going to take up a holiday job to earn some extra money for my hobbies and going out with friends. Could you tell me what holiday jobs are popular among teenagers in your country?

As for the family news, my Granny has come to live with us…









Write a letter to Steve.

In your letter:

  • answer his questions

  • ask 3 questions about his Granny and her plans.

Write 100-140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.









C2

You have 40 minutes to do this task.

Comment on the following statement.



Our grandparents say life used to be much more secure and stable. However, nowadays young people have many more opportunities.










What is your opinion?




Write 200-250 words.



Use the following plan:


  • make an introduction (state the problem)

  • express your personal opinion and give reasons for it

  • give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don’t agree with it

  • draw a conclusion



Ответы

Раздел 1. Аудирование

Раздел 2. Чтение

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика




№ задания

Ответ

№ задания

Ответ

№ задания

Ответ

А1

2

А15

2

А22

3

А2

1

А16

4

А23

2

А3

1

А17

2

А24

1


А4

2

А18

1

А25

4

А5

2

А19

3

А26

2

А6

3

А20

2

А27

4

А7

1

А21

1

А28

3

А8

3













А9

1













А10

2











А11

2













А12

3













А13

3













A14

2


















                1. Аудирование

В1

FADECG

                1. Чтение


В2

FCAEHDG

B3

FDBGEC




Грамматика и лексика

В4

more


В5

is

В6

has made

В7

biggest

В8

separated

В9

him

B10

are imitated

B11

immigrants

B12

according

B13

integral

B14

celebration

B15

young

B16

procession




КЛЮЧИ

B2

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

F

C

A

E

H

D

G


B3

1

2

3

4

5

6

F

D

B

G

E

C


A15-21

A15

A16

A17

A18

A19

A20

A21

2


4

2

1

3

2

1



KEY

B4more

B5 is

B6 has made

B7 biggest

B8separated

B9 him

B10 are imitated

Key

B11 immigrants

B12 according

B13 integral

B14 celebration

B15young

B16 procession


KEY

A22 many

A23 cause

A24 risen

A25 melt

A26 raise

A27 damage

A28 extinct