On reflection on the success of the venture by the NSW Government, we can look at the comments made on the arrival of the ship in Sydney by the SYDNEY GAZETTE
Tuesday July 18, 1837.
By the Emigrant Ships the John Barry and the Adam Lodge, the former from Dundee, the latter from Londonderry, we have received seven hundred passengers under the care of , or the officers on board. There is, Drs Thompson and Osborne, R.N., these gentlemen having returned to the Colony with their respective charges. The arrival of so many useful labourers and mechanics at such a time of need, is highly satisfactory; and we are glad to learn that every attention, which under the present circumstances it has been possible to bestow, has not been wanting on the part of the Surgeons superintending. So far we have little to complain of. There is, however, one objection, which we have repeatedly urged as being detrimental in the highest degree to the Emigration System, even in the present improved form. We allude to the crowding of so many passengers in one ship. If with all the care which has been taken of the Emigrants by these two vessels, nearly fifty deaths have occurred, (and such we learn to be the fact.) there can be but little doubt that the loss of life on board every succeeding ship, will prove equally great – more particularly among families, the junior branches of which suffer the most. The plan proposed by us some months since, we are still persuaded would be found to answer the best. We recommended that, instead of an agent going from the Colony, to return with a cargo of Emigrants, consisting of three and four hundred persons, that he should be stationary in England, and that by every merchant vessel sailing for New South Wales, he might be empowered to send out, as steerage passengers, not more than fifty emigrants, to be placed under the special superintendence of a surgeon of character and ability, and with the distinct understanding that the captain should touch at the Cape of Good Hope, or some other port for fresh provisions. The benefit to be derived from this mode is at once apparent: a stream of Emigration would be constantly pouring into the Colony, the crowding system entirely done away with, and thus, the lives of many of the passengers would be spared. We earnestly recommend these few plain observations to the notice of the Government. The adoption of such a plan could not entail any extra expense, a consideration which we all know, invariably, even in cases of life and death weighs heavily with a liberal Government.
i Inverell Times Obituary 10th July 1916 P2
ii Advertisement on P1 of the Londonderry Journal Tuesday 6th December 1836
iii Familia Vol 2, No 3, 1987 pp 87. Article by Pat McDonnell.
iv Letter to Governor Bourke by Osborne on arrival of Adam Lodge 13th July 1837 NSW State Archives COD 425.
v Quarantine Letters 4/2378 No 7188.
vi Alick Osborne and the Adam Lodge by Frank Osborne Pp22-26.
vii PRO Reel 861 CO 385 Vol 17,18,19,20 19th Jan to Osborne, 14th Jan to Governor Grey.
viii Journal of Occurrences Connected with Emigration 1836-1837 MS 248 entry for October 16th, 1836.
ix Doctor’s at Sea Robin Haines Pp94.
x Historical Records of Australia Alick Osborne’s testimony to the Inquiry before the House on July 22nd ,1837 Pp652-653.
xi Letter from Pam Jack November 10th, 1983.
xii Alick Osborne and the Adam Lodge by Frank Osborne Pp22-26.
xiii Clogher Record issue not known P.134.
xiv Erne Packet, March 23rd, 1837.
xv Journal of Occurrences Connected with Emigration 1836-1837 MS 248 entry for August 15th, 1836.
xvi Osborne’s in Early Illawarra by Frank Osborne published by Illawarra Historical Society Inc 2000 Pp4-5.
xvii Osborne’s in Early Illawarra by Frank Osborne published by Illawarra Historical Society Inc 2000 p.3.
xviii Letter to Alick Osborne from Surveyor’s of Shipping Port at Liverpool 8th February, 1837.
xix Derry Journal, Advertisement, April, 1834.
xx P112 of The Long Farewell by Don Charlewood.
xxi Ibid P112.
xxii Sydney Gazette 15th July 1837.
xxiii Alick Osborne and the Adam Lodge by Frank Osborne P20.
xxiv Doctors at Sea Robin Haines p94.
xxv Ibid Pp94
xxvi Historical Records of Australia Alick Osborne’s testimony to the Inquiry before the House on July 22nd ,1837 Pp652-653
xxviii Journal of Occurrences Connected with Emigration 1836-1837 MS 248 entry for April 28th, 1837.
xxix Journal of Occurrences Connected with Emigration 1836-1837 MS 248 entry for October 10th, 1836.
xxx Ibid October 16th, 1836.
xxxi The Illawarra Diary of Lady Jane Franklin, 10-17 May 1839.
xxxii Notes on the Present State of Society in NSW-Alick Osborne published by Cross 1833.
xxxiii Historical Records of Australia Alick Osborne’s testimony to the Inquiry before the House on July 22nd ,1837 Pp652-653.
xxxiv See The Convict Ships by Charles Bateson.
xxxv Australia….the early years Brian Mitchell Editor. Published by Genealogy Centre Northern Ireland Pp35-36.
xxxvi Various internet sites on Enoch Fowler, Potter.
xxxvii Centenary Souvenir 1837-1937 of St Andrew’s Presbyterian Church Paramatta Pp5-8.
xxxviii Pro Reel No 861 C.O.365 Vol 17,18,19,20 Letter to Alick Osborne by Emigration Agent on 20th February, 1837.
xxxix Despatches A 1275 P389 and 387.
xl Richard Bourke’s Despatch 1837 A1267 Pt 5 P 850.
xli Reverend Dunmore Lang to Colonial Office A1281 P 157.
xlii Minutes of the Presbytery January 18, 1838.
xliii Enclosures 1838 Pp 24 P2084-6 A 1267-17.
xliv Centenary Souvenir 1837-1937 of St Andrew’s Presbyterian Church Paramatta Pp5-8.
xlv Information supplied by Lois Carrington in letter of 9th November, 1983.
xlvi Osborne’s in Early Illawarra by Frank Osborne published by Illawarra Historical Society Inc 2000 Pp4-5.
xlvii Information collected by author from various sources including BDM’s and Newspaper References.
xlviii Alick Osborne and the Adam Lodge by Frank Osborne P19.