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3. Заполните пропуски союзами as ... as, (not) so ... as и переведите предложения на русский язык:
4. Переведите следующие словосочетания на английский язык:
более трудный предмет, самая важная проблема, самый большой в России, самые глубокие знания, менее трудный экзамен, самый молодой, менее важный, намного интереснее, гораздо легче, намного лучше, гораздо дешевле
5. Напишите глаголы, данные в скобках, в соответствующей форме; соблюдайте правила согласования времён:
6. В данных предложениях определите, чем являются в них слова с окончанием -ing (герундий, причастие, отлагательное существительное). Переведите предложения на русский язык:
7. Переведите предложения:
8. Переведите предложения:
9. Переведите предложения:
10. Употребите глаголы, заключённые в скобках, в соответствующей форме в придаточных предложениях времени и условия:
11. Переведите предложения и определите тип условного предложения:
1. If you knew him better, you would be sorry for him.
Переведите тексты письменно.
Text 1 International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund or IMF is a specialized agency of the United Nations, having been established along with International Bank for Reconstruction and Development — the World Bank — at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference held in 1944 at Bretton Woods. The IMF is recorded to have begun operations in 1947. Its purpose is to promote international monetary co-operation and to facilitate the expansion and balanced growth of international trade. It may be achieved through the establishment of a multilateral system of payments for current transactions and the elimination of foreign trade restrictions. It now has an important role in development economics as a facilitator of the transition to full participation in the world economy.
The IMF is a permanent forum for consideration of issues of international payments in which member nations are encouraged to maintain an orderly pattern of exchange rates and to avoid restrictive exchange practices. It also provides advice on economic policy and fiscal policy, promotes world policy co-ordination, and gives technical assistance for central banks, accounting, taxation and other financial matters. Membership, currently comprising 179 countries, is open to all sovereign nations. Members undertake to keep the IMF informed about economic and financial policies that impinge on the exchange value of their national currencies. As a result, other members can make appropriate policy decisions. On using this foreign exchange for a certain time, the borrower extricates itself from its balance of payments problem. After having it for the period up to five years, the currency is to be returned to the IMF's pool of resources. If the borrower uses the IMF resources, he will pay a below-market rate of interest. The member whose currency is used receives almost all of these interest payments. The remainder goes to the fund for operating expenses. The IMF is thus not a bank, but sells countries SDRs in exchange for their own currency. The IMF also supports economic development, such as the establishment of functioning free market economies in the former Warsaw Pact countries. This includes a special temporary fund, established in 1993, to offset trade and balance of payments difficulties experienced by any member country abandoning artificial price control policies. Marketing management is the planning and co-ordination of these activities in order to achieve a successful, integrated marketing program, international marketing to be defined as the performance of one or more of these activities across national boundaries. The activities and goals of international marketing are the same as those of domestic marketing, implementation of the firm's marketing programs having been considered very different. That is, managing international marketing can be significantly different from managing domestic marketing. If one tries to define personal selling as the major promotional tool, it will appear to be even more important in international marketing than domestically. Motivation can be more of a challenge abroad than at home for two reasons: the low esteem in which selling is held, and the cultural reluctance of prospective sales representatives to talk to strangers. On defining these two essential elements of selling, the firm must try to overcome this handicap, especially in countries where selling has low status. Training, titles, perquisites, and special recognition of salesperson's self-image are all helpful. The licensee's or distributor's sales force is important in making the quality of sales force a major criterion in choosing the distributor.
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